Soil is typically made of four different particle classifications: gravel, sand, silt, and clay. The relative proportion of the various grain sizes determines its texture, described in classifications such as loamy and, silt loam, clay, etc. A soil’s texture is crucial in its ability to retain nutrients and water for plant uptake.
Loam soils generally contain more nutrients, moisture, and humus than sandy soils, have better drainage and infiltration of water and air than silt and clay-rich soils, and are easier to till than clay soils. Ideal soil type.
Sandy soils are best amended by adding compost. Clay soils are best amended by adding gypsum. It is important to do a soil test on your fields so a custom prescription of soil amendments can be recommended.